Currently more than 800,000 Spanish couples suffer infertility problems for different reasons, including alterations in the menstrual cycle or semen quality, being of advanced age, being overweight, endometriosis or early menopause, among others. However, one of the fundamental reasons for infertility are Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that tend to manifest in younger people due to reasons such as unprotected sex and having multiple previously infected sexual partners.
Some of these sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis respond to medical treatments, however, there are other more serious caused by viruses such as genital herpes, hepatitis B or HIV.
Specifically, the two predominant sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that affect infertility are gonorrhea, which comes from the bacterium Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, and chlamydia, which is produced through the bacterium Chlamydia Trachomatis.
These infections are responsible for 15% of infertility in men, since it directly affects the seminal tract, the testes and their ability to produce healthy sperm. Consequently, this affects the number of sperm produced by man, the mobility, morphology and even the integrity of their DNA.
As for women, if these sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) do not receive appropriate and early treatment, they can create and lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). It is an infection that mainly affects the uterus, the fallopian tubes, or the ovaries, causing a chronic inflammation of the same that obstructs the passage of the ovum to the uterus and causing less mobility of the sperm.
The reason why the rate of these diseases is very high in today's society is because they do not usually show clear symptoms, so we strongly recommend taking tests as a preventive measure in order to detect them early.
However, there are signs that can serve as a cause for alarm for both men and women. Regarding the male sex, these signs can be identified by discharge of pus from the urethra, swelling or redness at the opening of the penis, pain and swelling in the testicles, the need to urinate more often than usual, pain during sex and / or constant burning sensations when urinating.
And in the case of women, they are revealed by bad vaginal odor, abdominal or pelvic pain, increased vaginal discharge, abnormal yellowish discharge, pain when having sex, frequent and painful urination, and bleeding between menstrual periods.
Both of these diseases, chlamydia and gonorrhea, can be easily avoided with the use of condoms, so we encourage new couples to have safe sex so that, in the future, when they want to 'get pregnant' and have children they do not encounter any kind of obstacle.
Vicente Badajoz, coordinator of the laboratory of the Ginefiv assisted reproduction clinic.
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