That all persons under the age of 18 have the right to receive a special care and protection it is something known and accepted by everyone today. But this has not always been the case. Until the end of the eighties of the last century, not all children could benefit from a series of legal rights essential for their protection.
In 1948, the newly founded United Nations, the largest existing international organization, approved the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a document that implicitly contained the rights of the child, although without giving them all the relevance they deserve. Little more than a decade later, in 1959, the UN General Assembly, aware of the importance that had to be given to child regulations, approved a Declaration of the Rights of the Child that made explicit, along 10 principles, the rights contemplated in the Declaration of 1948.
Shortly after, the UN determined that the United Nations International Emergency Fund for Children (UNICEF) was the body in charge of the protection of minors. Since then, it has been used thoroughly to legally protect children, and as a result of its debates, the November 20, 1989, the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Since the document was approved at the United Nations General Assembly, it has been ratified little by little by the different countries of the five continents. There are currently 191 countries that have ratified the Convention. Throughout the world, all countries have realized that it is extremely important protect the most innocent group in society.
Children, worth the redundancy, are children, and they must be taken care of and legally protected in a rigid and forceful way until they turn 18 and become adults. Thus, boys and girls are subjects of their rights, but it is the task of adults to ensure compliance.
As UNICEF explains, the Convention describes children's rights throughout 54 articles and two optional protocols or additional provisions. And these Rights of the Child are governed by four fundamental principles:
1. Children should not be discriminated against.
2. The interest of the child should be the most important thing when making decisions that affect him.
3. All children have right to survival and development; This includes the right to mental and physical well-being.
4. Children have to express their points of view and their opinions must always be taken into consideration on issues that affect them.
Among all the Rights contained in the 1989 Convention, GuiaInfantil.com has compiled the most important and essential for all children to grow up in a atmosphere of peace and joyand their parents can rest easy knowing that their children are properly protected:
- Right to life
- Right to play
- Right to offer your opinions
- Right to have a family
- Right to health
- Right to protection against child labor
- Right to a name and a nationality
- Right to food and nutrition
- Right to live in harmony
- Education rights
You can read more articles similar to International Children's Rights Day, in the category of Children's Rights on site.