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The autism is a childhood disorder which has a higher incidence in boys than in girls. An autistic child's abilities can be high or low depending on both his IQ level and his verbal communication skills.
The Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental neurobiological disorder that manifests itself during the first three years of life and will last throughout life. The causes of autism are still unknown, but there are some theories that can explain the disease.
The cause or causes of autism have yet to be elucidated. You are born with autism. It has been shown, beyond any reasonable doubt, that there is no causal relationship between the attitudes and actions of fathers and mothers and the development of autism spectrum disorders.
- Cognitive deficiencies and abnormalities. There seems to be some neurological basis for the development of this disease, although it has not been proven.
- Basic biochemical processes. An excess of serotonin secretion has been found in the platelets of autistics.
- Diseases: maternal rubella in pregnancy, tuberculous sclerosis, encephalitis, fragile X syndrome or phenylketonuria.
Some studies conducted in recent years point to environmental toxins such as pesticides and heavy metals such as mercury as the cause of autism in some people with a higher risk of developing it since they are more sensitive to these toxins.
1. The autistic child has a look that does not look, but that goes through.
2. In the infant, monotonous babbling of sound, delayed babbling, and lack of contact with their surroundings, as well as a gestural language.
3. In your first interactions with others, the first thing you notice is that does not follow the mother in her communication attempts and can entertain yourself with an object without knowing what it is for.
4. In preschool, the child begins to look strange because does not speak. It is difficult for him to assume the self and identify others. He does not establish contact with others in any way.
5. These autistic children can exhibit aggressive behaviors, even to themselves.
6. Another characteristic of autism is the tendency to carry out low-range activities on a repetitive basis such as spinning or performing rhythmic movements with your body (flapping your arms).
7. Autists with a high functional level may repeat television commercials or perform complex bedtime rituals.
8. In adolescence, it is said that 1/3 of autistics tend to suffer epileptic seizures, which suggests a cause of nervous origin.
9. Does not play or socialize with other children.
- A marked lack of recognition of the existence or feelings of others.
- Lack of seeking comfort in times of distress.
- Lack of capacity for imitation.
- Absence of social game.
- Lack of adequate communication channels.
- Marked abnormality in non-verbal communication.
- Absence of imaginative activity, such as playing at being an adult.
- Marked anomaly in the emission of the language with affectation.
- Anomaly in the form and content of language. - Stereotyped body movements.
- Persistent concern on the part of objects.
- Intense distress due to changes in insignificant aspects of the environment.
- Irrational insistence on following routines with all their details.
- Marked limitation of interests, with concentration on a particular interest.
You can read more articles similar to The autistic child. Profile of a child with autism, in the Autism category on site.