One of the situations in which education is being influenced lately is as improve children's attention in classrooms. It is common to find students who stop attending, who cut or get lost in the middle of class, teachers who complain or scold when this occurs and parents who do not know how to help or what to do with their children.
Well, the first thing we should know is that everything this is normal, and it occurs for reasons that "almost" beyond our control. So what can we do to facilitate and encourage attention within the classroom?
We must know that human attention is a capacity or quality to select some stimuli and not others, and most importantly, it is limited. It has a maximum duration in students of between 10 and 15 minutes. Therefore we must normalize it, they do not disconnect because they want to (although it sometimes occurs), it is that in the event that they were highly motivated towards a task, the brain would automatically disconnect. It is importantdon't blame the kids of this action. Also, not all people have the same attention span.
First of all, two points should be clear:
1- The beginning of the class is key: At this point you have to claim the student's attention, since that is when they are most receptive. You have to open the focus of interest and arouse their curiosity.
2- Methodological changes: Changing the methodology on a regular basis helps students to open their focus to the activity. Although all of them can be good depending on the time and activity, there are studies that show that attention is higher with more active methodologies, and on the contrary, with flatter methodologies, the attention of children decreases.
Below I detail a series of tips thatwho can facilitate this work:
1. Begin the session by establishing games, challenges, challenges ... ...
2. Establish breaks every 15 minutes; note that students can disable attention. We can anticipate and have it programmed with activities or games that disconnect them to be able to connect again with more guarantees.
3. Have strategies supervision; ask students for summaries, headlines or ideas about what is being worked on on a recurring basis to keep them active.
4. Enter record changes in tone of voice.
5. Tell stories.
6. Ask them. The question makes participate.
7. Use familiar examples, analogies, and metaphors.
8. Check the task difficulty so that it fits the characteristics of our students.
9. Use humor; very important, everything goes better with a good dose of humor.
10. Make variations methodological and breaks for active play. Variety stimulates attention.
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